Muzzleloader Scope vs Rifle Scope – What is the differences

The military around the world has always been on the front burner in rusticating criminal elements in their territorial habitats with the aid of sophisticated apparatus used in combat situations. Due to societal happenings, various effective weapons have been invented, and more personnel go on regular training to keep abreast with their usage and marksmanship principles. However, different telescopes are at the disposal of Marksmen for effective range length. For this piece, we will compare muzzleloader Vs. Riflescope. 

Muzzleloader Vs. Rifle Scope 

There are differences between muzzleloader and rifle scopes; it is essential to spot discrepancies between muzzleloader scope on rifles because it varies in the distance it travels. Each gun has a specific area it works with. As such, manufacturers put up diverse sizes to enable rifles to travel at their distance peak. 

As a good marksman, it’s ideal that you get a modernized scope to get the actual fittings on the gun to make concise shooting while in action. Muzzleloader is more like an old way of aiming at a target point. Marksmanship principles are manually carried out because of the processes involved in putting powder in an open barrel down to firing the actions. We would look at the muzzleloader and the rifle scope individually to see their differences. Vortex diamondback is one of the best muzzleloader scope. 

The kick from a muzzleloader can be massive. Recoil creates chaos in the delicate glass in the scope. The muzzleloader has different (5)types of sight relief and fewer views. The difference in eye relief is when you hold your head behind the scope. The best muzzleloader scope tends to have more recoil, so they have an accessory with excellent eye relief so you can hold your head farther back to cut down the chance of getting a “Half moon” reticle in your eye.

Rifle Scope 

This scope is a device that includes lenses used for magnification and some commentaries or articles; the tool can indicate where the bullet should face or be targeted with the help of pointer dots inside. 

It helps snipers that use the bolt action rifle to attain a more positive shot from a broader, more comprehensive view. 

The best rifle scope uses lenses to magnify the image. They are devices that contain a series of lenses used for magnification and some reticles, an aiming instrument that indicates where your bullet should hit.

The most critical components of a rifle scope are its lenses, the objective, erector, magnifying and ocular lenses. When you are hunting on a transparent plane with possible long range shooting, a good scope is required. 

The lens is positioned in the tube, far away from the shooter, and transfers light, spins the image, and sends it to the magnifying lens, as the name implies, magnifies the image. From there, light travels to the ocular lens. A rifle scope isn’t a shotgun scope. However, it is a typical example of how a camera functions when capturing an image.

In this paragraph we will briefly talk about one of the best rifle scope which is the crossfire ii. The crossfire ii has very nice glasses and can comfortably hold zero. One of the perks of the crossfire ii is that the illuminated reticle works very well. The crossfire ii is also very durable and makes it easy to get proper eye relief for a scout scope. 

Eye Relief 

The distance between the sniper’s eyes and the eyepiece where the shooter can see the target is eye relief. So, if you are deer hunting you definitely need to account for this factor. In a minor eye relief, the scope will be distant toward the stock of the gun and closer to the shooter’s face. When applied to the conversation,  A good eye relief is substantial for firearm recoil.

Muzzleloaders typically have three minimal inches of eye relief. This eye relief is measured in inches with a rifle scope, though few brands give Eye relief in thousands of meters.

When looking at the manufacturer’s warranty, Eye relief will be inaugurated in the range of inches. A grade can be given if 2 (two) people have similar stare relief. The quantity is provided as a complex measure. It’s general for your eye relief to detect between the 3(three) or 4(four) inches. Nonetheless, you can get as low as 1.5 using low magnification aimed for quieter caliber shooting. One of the best things about the relief is that it was constructed for a long-range shoot. It has a BDC ladder, which authorizes shots to one thousand(1000) yards 

Red Dot Sight 

A red dot spots the big game while the reticle on a nearby sight is an optic that operates on an electric sight technique which develops a dot-shaped reticle. It gives the shooter a sense of goal through luminous red dots when aiming at the big game. They are examined as fast accession and simple-to-use gun sight for civilians, big game shooting, hunting and for Sniper application. Aside from firearms, they are furthermore used on cameras and telescopes. 

Telescopes have a remote view area and are frequently equipped with a minor “viewfinder” scope, mainly as a red dot. The particular format is a tilted spherical reflector with a red dot sight radiating diodes, LED, and its off-axis guide on another reflector sight. The corrected character of the red dot sight is parallax-free only at duration, with an omission similar to the diameters of collimating visual for a target at a limited distance. 

Some red dots retained either effective or inactive adjustment for the saas dot gleam, enabling a very short bubble for excellent sight in sunny conditions and very shady pours to avoid losing dark vision in low bright conditions. Red dots place Reticle on the identical optical system, authorizing a single-point guide.


Adjustments are needed to zero in your scope. For more detail in zero scope at 100 yards you can check out the guide from

There are two types which are; Elevation and Windage

All sizes adjust windage, height, and concentration for the particular shooter’s eyes.

In the place of the Elevation And Windage Amendment, that subject is distant from perfection.

Best Elevation and Windage improvement for adequate clicks, which helps you keep track of them even when your hand is gloved because of the increased interest in long-distance shooting. The top tower Adjusts -from right to left of the windage, and the turret on the side adjusts your elevation -up and down.

Reticle focus is the easiest of all adjustments.


The reticle is a sequel of fine lines in the eyepiece of an optical device. The reticle is an image you see when you look through the scope. In its earliest forms, it is the crosshair or an aiming point in your viewfinder in a rifle scope. To use a rifle scope Reticle properly, you must first focus it on your eye. 

The ABDC ladder gives etched lines on the Reticle that indicates where to position your shots, so the bullet strikes where you want it from a distance.


The typical rifle scope contains 8 (eight)lenses, including the two noticeable ones. The quality of the glass itself, the clearness in which it was ground to structure, and the coating determines how excellent the scope is. The best scope should have a bigger objective lens that brings light to the body scope, And in the rear, an ocular lens concentrates on the light in the shooter’s eye.


Recoil refers to the pushback of the rifle anytime a bullet is shot.  Most scopes can survive the recoil of standard Rifle calibers such as .223, and .270

Recoil is a big issue for the content since the area often absorbs the resulting energy from recoil. Rifles with a smaller caliber mostly have negligible recoil than those with the more significant caliber 

What Type Of Scope Do You Want?

While rifle and muzzleloader scopes work almost the same, the two firearm styles have very different demands; if you can use a rifle on a muzzleloader and a muzzleloader on a gun, the question is, do you want to?  Utilizing a place designed for one type of firearm on a different kind can work from an angle, but the site elements become a drawback.  Parallax that’s excellent at  50 evolves unbearable at  200yards, and a scope that’s not broken substantially Recoils may still lose its zero instantly on a muzzleloader scope. 

When using a muzzleloader scope on a rifle; the question is how well the content will be optimized for your use.

A muzzleloader scope is made to pack a massive hit over a short distance but doesn’t stand significantly the long-range precision offered by a rifle. A crossfire ii serves quite well on a muzzleloader scope. 

The primary technicians and the exact scope SCO  are the same as rifle scopes; they have an objective, ocular lens. It would help if you also considered prisms to provide the magnification. However, muzzleloader scope tends to have a more substantial recoil that the delicate Glass in the scope might not be able to stand.

The primary difference is the eye relief, distance limitations, magnification range, and tiny objects will be visible from a distance; the muzzleloader magnifies the target from 100/150; the power of the muzzleloader scope is lesser because the space is short in the shooting. In rifle range, the energy is high because of long distances. Furthermore, the muzzleloader is more uncomplicated compared to the space. The Rifle scope shows  more characteristics and also the distance between the shooter and the victim; the muzzleloader Alternatively shows The round part at the center and nothing else 

Sighting a muzzle-loading rifle determines the maximum effectiveness in a hunting range. The actual picture that shows on the gun is good

It’s safe to say that hunting has come a long way in the past year, so it is always essential to keep fundamental critical choices for hunting a muzzleloader. Having the best muzzleloader can make a difference.

Price Comparison 

The prices between the muzzleloader and the Rifle scope are not significantly different. So,  most likely, you won’t be saving any money if you decide to go for one, especially if you are looking forward to using the rifle scope on many firearms. It will help, considering how tedious the mount and zero methods could be, and it can be troubling for the amount of money you will be looking to save. 


Recently, technology has given us different ways to do tedious activities easily. In this article, we have examined the fundamental similarities between muzzleloaders and rifle scopes; the number of differences between them is more profound; the more you look, the more contrast you’ll find.

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Training Tips For Concealed Carry With A Belly Band

It is essential to practice with your belly band holster before carrying it with you regardless of your primary carry method, and you also need to train with secondary carry methods too. The training would help to make the holster more effective; you should not just go to a range for fun; you should go to learn the necessary skills to use your holster appropriately. Being armed does not automatically save your life, just like owning a sports car does not make you a racer; this is where the importance of training shows.

What is a Belly Band Holster?

A belly band holster is the most versatile holster for concealed carry; with the aid of its elastic band that is worn around your lower belly with the hook and loop, it can hide your weapon without wearing a gun belt. The belly band is perfect for situations where you do not use belts, like during workouts. You can also use a belly band holster if you want to work comfortably from home.

Belly band holsters have the advantage of expanding with your belly as you eat because of the band’s elasticity. Many people prefer a belly band holster even when they wear a belt because of its comfort. With a belly band holster, your gun is custom fit to the middle, and it would not shift except you shift it yourself. 

Also, you do not have to be a fitness model before you can wear a belly band holster; it does not matter how big you are. And you can dress the way you do for any IWB holster; that is, you can wear anything like a shirt to conceal it properly.

Tips for Practicing with Belly Band Holster

You need to practice as much as possible to use your belly band holster properly if you are not an experienced shooter. For the course to be a lot easier, there are some valuable tips you should note, and some of them are listed below:

  • It is like other IWB holsters

Generally, it would help if you treated your belly band holster the same way you treat other IWB holsters; belly band holsters require the same procedures for drawing as other IWB holsters. But it is still necessary to do training on the drawing process because they can differ a little depending on the type of belly band holster you use.

The general method for drawing a belly band is to use your strong hand to lift your garment, but you must train with both hands because you might not use your two hands in a fight.

  • Dress casually to the range

The idea of training to use a holster properly goes beyond just the holster and the gun. Since the belly band holster is typically used with casual wear, you should train with your everyday clothes or the type of cloth you use the holster with. Many people dress to the range like it’s an occasion which is not required because you need to train for the way you would be when you need the holster.

You might not dress casually to the range if you are training for a competition; in the case of a competitive shooter, you should dress like you would for the competition. Your training should be practical and realistic, so if you are training for self-defense, you should be honest with your dressing. 

  • Start from the basics

If you have not handled any firearm before, it is essential to start your training for defensive and practical shooting before practicing to use the holster. And ensure that your activity is regular because this is what brings about perfection of gun handling.

It is also essential to get an experienced instructor to guide you through your practice and tell you when to start training with the holster.

  • Use a shot timer

Using a shot timer is imperative if you want to get better at shooting practice; it is better to track and quantify your performance. The shot timer helps you track your course by the number of shots you have on the target.

When you begin to have hit on target, it means you have made significant progress because the most crucial part of shooting is accuracy; it does not matter if you are fast or slow if you cannot even hit your target.

After you have achieved accuracy, you can then train for efficiency with the holster. Training with the holster would show you how accurate your shooting is quickly drawn out from the holster.   

  • Do live fire and dry fire practice

Shooting practice cannot only be done at a range; you should also do dry fire training with your belly band holster. Having an instructor would help you with the dry fire and live fire practice; some instructors recommend more dry firing than live firing, but the two are essential.

Live firing involves recoil, while dry firing involves everything except the recoil, and that is why it is important to alternate your training program and make it regular. Dry firing is mainly to align your sight and to perfect your grip and trigger. Also, dry firing helps you practice fast first shots after drawing out, which is vital for your self-defense training.


Belly band holster is arguably the best choice of all the IWB holsters because of its versatility regarding who can use it and when it can be used. A woman can maintain her style while still properly concealing her gun for protection. And the holster can also be used by different people because of the band’s elasticity, and the weapon would be adequately covered under your casual attire.

The most important thing about carrying a gun is to be able to use it properly when needed, and that’s what necessitates the training to use the holster properly; just like the common saying that “practice makes perfection,” you should ensure you practice to get the best out of your holster

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How To Use An IWB Holster

using iwb holster

using iwb holster

There’s no better or more convenient way to carry your firearm than using a holster, but it takes a little bit of know-how to figure out exactly how to wear it.

There are different types of holsters and they all vary depending on several factors including how you wear them, where you wear them, how to move around comfortably with them, and how to have them positioned correctly.

These varying factors determine how well you’re able to make use of the holster because just as there are different types of holsters, there are also different types of people. The body type of whoever is wearing a holster also matters because it would eventually determine how properly it fits when they wear it.

The need to use holsters in carrying firearms around cannot be overemphasized, neither can it be overlooked. Especially when you spend a lot of time around a lot of people, it is highly imperative that you’re as discreet as possible and that make your weapon unnoticed in public.

Also, just like you don’t want to make your weapon very conspicuous, you would be very much interested in the idea of not encountering hitches whenever you have to draw out your pistol.

Not only does the top rated IWB holster provide the best comfort when carrying your firearm around, but it also gives you less work to do when you need to draw out your weapon. This is because it sits perfectly on your waist and is also balanced on your body so that you don’t have to stress when you need to use it. However, you have to make sure that you’re wearing it the right way else you would feel uncomfortable.

To wear the holster properly, put it around your waist and have it stay on the side of your body you trust more. If it does not fit properly, have it adjusted till you find the most befitting angle so that it becomes easy for you to reach it.

There are a couple of tips you can use to master the process of getting used to holster-usage techniques. These tips will ensure your safety in using your firearm, and also teach you how best to make use of it with ease.

Your Holster And Gun Belt Need To Co-operate

The very first thing you need to put in check is that your gun belt, your holster, and every other related carrier item are working together.

You must check this because if there’s a mistake or a miscommunication between these items, they may not serve you well. You must make sure that the holster is held steadfast by the gun belt so that it fits properly and your gun does not have to slide into your side.

You know that the holster is in the right place if it is firm on your body when your waistband and your gun belt are both holding it tight and you still feel comfortable. The gun belt will be confirmed to be doing its job if the holster remains where you put it initially and it does not adjust to a more uncomfortable position.

Also, the belt is supposed to be in sync with your movement pattern, and nothing different from that. You may begin to wonder or imagine that having the holster properly worn entails a lot of work. Truly, you have to pay attention to every detail, but it is only because you have to do it right and master it. Once you’re sure that you have mastered the skill, it longer becomes much of a big deal for you.

Give Your Holster Some Space

Another thing you need to do is to make space for the holster. It doesn’t have to be squeezed into a tight space or angle else it creates room for discomfort. You want to always find it easy to draw out your weapon and one of the best ways to simplify that action is to always give your holster adequate room to perform its functions.

You should also know what size you wear, and be sure you’re buying the right holster size for your pistol. The size of the pants you wear would also determine the size of your gun belt. You may need to create more space on it (probably one more) so that it is also accommodating and so it does not give you any extra stress. You may not need to create another size in your belt if your pants are somewhat loose.

The basic reason why people do not move around with their firearms is that they feel uncomfortable when they do so. To not fall into this category, you need to emphasize ensuring that your holster and the pistol fit comfortably. A very effective way of doing this is establishing a healthy relationship between them both.

Giving your holster enough space also means that you have to find the perfect angle where it sits best into your waistband. But do not forget that you can switch between different angles until you find the spot that works best for you. You don’t have to bother about a particular angle working for someone else while it’s not working for you. People are different and their body types vary from one another.

How Do I Conceal My Holster And Firearm?

After you’ve gone through the stage where you have to find the best position to carry the holster, the next task is to have it concealed before using it to carry your gun.

Most people that have small-sized guns stick to the traditional method of using covering it with their shirt, and that works. An IWB holster helps make this option very easy and comfortable to use, but if your gun is quite bigger, that may not be an ideal option for you to use. Check more option for Iwb holsters from

Also, you can make adjustments to the positioning of the holster in a bid to tighten its grip and this is one other way to make it more comfortable to use.

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What is the Most Important Gear Do you Need for Deer Hunting?

deer hunting gear list

A quality rifle and good optics are among the basic things needed for a hunting trip. However, those two will not guarantee you success. This is the case when hunting deer. Before you take a shot to kill a deer, there is a lot of preparation one needs to do. There are several gears needed when hunting deer ranging from binoculars to trail cameras

Most deer feel safe in the thick in the woods, and that means getting close. You also need a good view and an ideal shooting distance. Without proper preparation, your deer hunting season will not be successful. So, what are the most important gears for deer hunting?

What are the most crucial deer hunting gears?

You obviously need to start with proper clothing, have the right weapon and proper gear. For the sake of this article, our focus is on the gears that will give you the edge. Our assumption is that you have camouflage and the ideal weapon ready. Now, let’s have a look at those crucial gears to carry with you.

Trail Cameras

Hunting deer is quite different from other games. You’re aiming to kill the biggest deer possible. However, you first must know where to find the deer and their activity patterns. Where do deer frequent most? You can only understand the deer movement by setting up trail cameras. Getting quality trail cameras and set them along paths. This will help you learn their activity pattern and movement.

Make sure you gather as much knowledge as possible about their movement. Check the times they come to feed, the routes they use and the time they go back. This will help you set your blind at the right place. Trail cameras are highly recommended since they help you gather as much data as possible without pressuring the deer.


Your eyes will not see far enough and this means you can spot deer that are far away. Imagine seeing something that appears like deer sneak through the woods. You don’t want to start trailing it without being sure if it is your ideal game. This is where binoculars come into play bringing the woods within your view.

You don’t need the binoculars to take a shot, but you need them to help spot deer at far distances. This way, you can place how to get within shooting distance.


Optics come in to complete your hunt by allowing you to shoot better. A lot has changed from when iron sights were the main hunting optics. There is a wide range of hunting optics to choose from spotting scopes to some sort of rifle scopes. With a quality optic, you’re able to aim and shoot your target at the right spot. Sights are scopes that enhance ethical hunting by ensuring you hit the deer where it will not survive. You want to make sure the shot taken does not leave the deer running injured.

Blinds and Stand

Depending on the hunt area, you need to go with either a blind or tree stand. Setting up a blind or a tree stand is a must when hunting for deer. This is the only way to stay hidden and let the deer wander to your range.

You can choose to buy camouflaged blinds or setup on the old-fashioned way. This is purely dependent on the area of the hunt and the deer patterns. This also goes to show the importance of trail cameras for deer hunting.

Deer Calls

Deer calls are decoys that imitate the deer sounds to help bring the deer close. For some people, deer hunting is just a hobby. However, for others, it is an art that needs to be perfected. Der calls help you speak the same language as deer. With deer calls, you can replicate the deer’s grunts, roars, bawls, bleats and wheezes.

Loud buck roars are ideal when hunting the big bucks. They are usually produced by mature and dominant bucks. However, such roars can also intimidate small bucks.

Deer Decoys

Deer decoys are another excellent way to bring deer closer to you. These decoys can influence deer behavior and bring them within the shooting range. However, most people have given up using deer decoys because they use them wrong.

Make sure you use a convincing decoy and get somewhere visible. The decoy should not have alarming scents that will scare away deer. If you’re using decoys and calls, then make sure the call sounds to match the decoy.

Well, these are just a few supporting gears to make your deer hunting success. Don’t take chances when deer hunting. Create a checklist and ensure you have everything ready.

Final verdict

Stocking up properly for the next deer hunting season is one of the best ways to prepare for successful deer hunting. According to Optics, you need to start setting up trail cameras and tree stands early and get everything ready before the D-Day. There are higher chances of getting a deer kill if you have everything you need.

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5 Easy Tips for Good Long-Range Scope – Make It Better on Your Game!

How to Choose the Best Long Range Scope

You’ve divorced yourself from short range hunting. You’ve done enough research to prepare you for long range hunts. You know the risks, you know the precautions that must be met. In terms of basic know-hows, you’re essentially all set!

But just because you’ve done your homework doesn’t mean that you’re completely ready for the real deal. It’s totally normal to be nervous, especially if you’re first time hunting. With this article, we’ll give you five tips that will help you with your first time shooting long range.

Tip #1: Know Your Ammo. What kind of ammo are you packing for your hunts? .45s? .308s? How familiar are you with the blast radius of each round? It’s a great idea for you to test your rounds on an outdoor target before bringing them you on a hunt.

That is, unless you like being surprised.

Which if you are, I hope for your sake that your aren’t packing some elephant rounds!

Tip #2: Get Acquainted With The Recoil. While the first tip regards the brute force of your shots, this tip has to do with the aftermath of your firearm’s blow. Not all firearms kick the same way. This is a lesson I learned the hard way, back when I was a kid. After handling the nonexistent kick of my Browning .22, I tried my hand at my dad’s 12 gauge.

Let’s just say that it didn’t end well for my shoulder!

Even though I was thoroughly frightened of that beastly gun, my dad made me keep shooting it. He said that I had to get myself acquainted with the recoil if I ever wanted to shoot more powerful stuff. After a good number of bruises and falls, I one day found that the recoil wasn’t bothering me anymore. Now that I’m an adult, I can shoot 12 gauges like they’re nothing!

Tip #3: Gun Evaluation. This goes hand-in-hand with the other two tips. For any hunt to go off without a hitch, you need to make sure that your firearm is up to par. How well does your rifle shoot? How accurate are your shots? Are they consistent? Does the firearm ever backfire or jam?

These are all super important questions to ponder, especially when you’re out hunting!

Tip #4: Take Your Time. You’ve got your target down and you’ve got your eye on him. He’s wandering around the woods, either looking for food or just exploring. Your heart is beating hard in your chest. You’re ready to get your first kill!

Slow down there.

You might have your target dead in your sights, but you still need to be careful about making that first shot. After all, carelessly shooting at a target can end in disaster, even if you use a rifle scope. Relax, count to three, take a deep breath, steady your arms. Once you’re ready, go for the kill.

Tip #5: Scope Adjustment. Your long range scope will be your very best pal if you use it correctly, so it’s imperative that you adjust the settings regularly. If your rifle scope has a variable magnification system, adjust it when it’s needed. Make sure your reticle is easy to see. Your eyecap should also make you feel comfortable and not constricted. Read more an expert guide for long range scope reviews from Ellettbrothers if you need a long range scope for your rifle.

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The Best Rangefinder for Archery: Reviews and Guide for 2022

There are different types of rangefinders that serve different purposes. Therefore if you are a rifle hunter, you should buy a rangefinder that’s best suited for longer ranges (this is even more important if you hunt in the wide open west). If you’re archery hunting, you dont really have a use for a rangefinder that has a max range of 500+ yards because you wont be shooting that far. The purpose of your rangefinder is one thing you need to consider before buying a rangefinder. If you dont, you can end up buying a rangefinder that will not serve your needs right, and the last thing you want is to end up buying something that doesn’t suit your needs. Not only will it not help your hunting, it will cost you money. We don’t want this to happen to any hunter, and we want to make sure that every hunter gets the best rangefinder possible for their money, no matter if they are rifle hunting or if they are looking for the best rangefinder for archery.

Some buy a rangefinder for the purpose of bow hunting, rifle hunting or birding. For instance, if you are a bow hunter, consider getting an appropriate rangefinder for the task. Nikon Company is well known to produce rangefinders that are suitable for archery hunting. So, once you figure out what you’re going to use your rangefinder for (rifle or archery) it will make it a lot easier to pick one. We will cover better rifle hunting rangefinders later, but we are here to talk about the best rangefinder for archery. If you’re looking for more hunting stories, find them here.

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We are assuming that you already know what a rangefinder is. If you’re unfamiliar with them, head to the homepage for a description of what they are and how they work. In my mind, a rangefinder is way more important for bow hunting than it is for rifle hunting. The reason that I feel this way is because of typical deer terrain. I don’t know about you, but it’s not often that I was standing on a flat piece of ground, within range of a deer that was on that same flat piece of ground and simply pulled my bow back to a 35-yard draw and successfully took down a deer. When I’m out hunting for deer, it’s in a tree stand, or doing a typical spot and stalk – meaning that I’m at the top or bottom of a hill, and the deer is at the opposite end. Due to this change in angle, you also need to change the distance of your draw. The last thing you want is a near miss like the one shown in this video below.

The main reason that we differentiate our archery rangefinders from the units that are used for hunting is because of one thing: ARC, or Angle Range Compensation. Angle Range Compensation will help you calculate how much you need to draw back on your bow to hit a target that is above or below you (like when you’re in a tree stand). In my opinion, it’s totally necessary for bow hunting, and you want to get a unit with a good ARC calculator or else you’ll regret it after you follow the instructions for draw on your bow and you watch your arrow whiz over your targets back. There are a few ways to calculate ARC, by hand and with your rangefinder. We will talk about doing it by hand first.

Calculating ARC by hand

Of course, there’s always the option of calculating how much compensation you’ll need by hand. The formula is something you should remember from high school – the Pythagorean theorem. If you don’t recall (I don’t blame you) it’s used for calculating sides of a triangle when you know the length of two other sides. For instance, if you’re sitting in a tree stand imagine yourself at the top of a triangle. The first measurement you will take is one from your stand to the ground below you – that’s one side of your triangle. The next measure will be to your target and will be the long side of your triangle. You can use the Pythagorean theorem to calculate the bottom leg of your triangle using the formula a^2 + b^2  = c^2, where a squared is your distance from the top of your stand to the ground, and b squared is the distance from your stand to the target. This is also called the rifleman rule, and if you want to see the trajectory calculations and application, there’s a good Wikipedia article.

Thankfully, you don’t have to calculate ARC by hand as many units now come with built-in calculators. Now I’ll be the first to admit that if you take a lot of your shots at close range, you probably won’t get much use out of this sort of technology. Shots at ranges that close won’t really have that much of an adjustment that you’ll need to make to your shot and shot distance. Typically, rangefinders with ARC are needed more in the western part of the united states due to the varied terrain and the spot and stalk style hunting. This is where I hunt, and I will tell you that a lot of  my shots come from the top of a ridge shooting down into a field or further down the hill where my target has stopped to feed for a few minutes. Typically, these shots are between 40 and 80 yards, and there’s always a fairly significant adjustment that needs to be made after I range in with my rangefinder. Thankfully, this saves me a lot of frustration as I don’t frequently miss like I did before I got a rangefinder.

Here are the 5 best rangefinders for archery hunting

1. Nikon rifle hunter 550

This is a rangefinder made by the Nikon Company. It is among the best units for archery hunting, despite its name (rifle hunter). They have built in incline and decline technology that allows a hunter to shoots angles up to 89 degrees uphill or downhill. Technology like this will help you avoid coming home with a story about how you saw this huge 5 point white tail buck that you shot at and didn’t calculate the angle right and missed, while the buck trotted away out of sight. A hunter can focus objects up to 550 yards but it actually ranges in to more than 600 yards. The optics are very clear making it easy to find that huge buck and range in on it. What makes the Nikon rifle hunter 550 even more convenient to users is the fact that it is light weight and fairly small and can easily fit in your pocket. An archery hunter can easily carry it around during the whole process. It is very quick to range and the glass is clear enough to take perfect shots. The battery life is enough to sustain a hunter through the archery hunting process. This rangefinder therefore has proven to be the best rangefinder for archery. All its features just work perfectly fine. You will not regret going with this rangefinder to the woods for hunting.

2. Leupold RX-1000i TBR with DNA rangefinder

This is a product of the leupold company. Their true ballistic range provides a hunter with extremely accurate ranging information. This is one piece of a standout rangefinder for archery hunting. It has digital enhanced accuracy that allows the hunter to make clear shots. A hunter can range up to 800 yards. The optics are just not clear but impressive. The hunter can set different displays up to the desired results. It is also compacted with incline and decline technology that helps to calculate the correct distance between the rangefinder and the camera. The led display is clear and easy for the hunter to read. The rainproof feature allows the hunter to use it in the rain. It is therefore effective anytime regardless of the weather. However, the true ballistic range has to be zeroed to 200 yards. A hunter can still get this product without the true ballistic range function.

3. Nikon archer’s choice laser rangefinder

This is another excellent rangefinder for archery hunting. It is well constructed with decline and incline technology that allows hunters to shoot at 90 degrees angle. It is light and simple to use for amateur hunters. Its optic is clear enabling it to produce better shots .This rangefinder is suitable for hunters who would not wish to range anything beyond 100 yards.

We really like this nikon archers choice laser rangefinder, and you can read a full review of the product here.

4. Bushnell Team Primos The Truth

This is a fantastic unit for the price, and the Bushnell team primos doesn’t disappoint. Bushnell got together with the guys at team primos and they delivered a product that is great for bow hunters. The unit has 4x magnification, Angle Range Compensation (ARC) and an angle measurement tool that will help you get the perfect shot every time! The unit ranges from 7-850 yards with an accuracy of +/- 1 yard. The unit also has a rainproof cover, which I have found invaluable at times when the weather just is not going my way and the rangefinder can get a little slick and hard to hold. Not with this unit through – the rangefinder is plenty easy to grip and range in with one hand, no matter the weather.

This Bushnell also has a great, bright display, allowing you to view all the information easily from up in your tree stand before first shooting light if you spot a trophy whitetail buck that you want to take home. Since the product has Bushnell optics, they are particularly great lenses and come in very clear when looking through the window. This is a solid option and comes in at a great price for a rangefinder with this kind of features and capability.

5. Bushnell BowHunter Chuck Adams Edition

This is another great rangefinder entry for Bushnell and is the predecessor to the team primos version discussed above. Bushnell teamed up with legendary bow hunter Chuck Adams to develop this unit and make sure that they included everything that just about any bow hunter could want. Well, I’m here to tell you that they did not disappoint at all.

This is a great product and was made to help bow hunters increase accuracy when shooting. To that end, it comes with ARC technology and a “shoot like” distance, which is based on shot angle that will improve your accuracy. It has a great “bow mode” up to 99 yards that gives you line of sight, angle, and true distance. Past 99 yards though, those features disappear, but the unit is still accurate up to 850 yards off of something reflective, and up to 200 yards on a deer. It has high-quality lenses, and 4x magnification.

Much like the team primos rangefinder, this one fits perfectly in your hands, though the coating isn’t quite as grippy when you’re out in inclement weather. This unit was made specifically with bow hunting in mind, so they pulled out all the stops and developed a high-quality unit that every bow hunter will be happy to carry with them in the field. The icing on the cake for this rangefinder though is the ARC and the bow-specific mode. It does everything that you can think about asking it to do, and does it well.

While there are still many rangefinders good for bow hunting, the five above provide quality and value to the whole archery hunting process. Instead of coming home with the story of missing a nice buck because you judged the range wrong and shot low or high, you can come hope happy and exhausted after spending the afternoon pulling out your trophy. With a rangefinder, you’ll know how far you are and can set the right pin and take a good shot at your target. The stories about hunting are great, but it’s much more fun (and filling!) when you come home with something to put on the wall and in the freezer. If you are looking for other range finders check our full guide.


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Coyote Hunting with an AR-15: The Essential Must Have Gear


Packing the right gears for your coyote hunting is critical if you’re going to succeed. Coyote hunting has been on the rise over the past few years. Coyotes have continued to sprawl in farms and urban areas which make sense controlling their population.There are varied opinions on the best weapons to hunt coyotes, best calls, optics and much more. However, the semi-automatic AR-15 remains the best rifle for coyote hunting. It is lightweight and allows you to hide, shoot, stay on target and keep shooting no matter the position of your body.So, is the must have gear for coyote hunting with an AR-15?Gears for coyote hunting using the AR-15 might vary greatly depending on the region, hunter, habitat set up and much more. You will need to understand your gears, be agile and know the different coyote hunting scenarios that will offer you the best layout.In this post, we are going to look at some of the Must-Have gears when hunting coyotes with an AR-15 rifle.

Coyote Calls

This is the second most important item you will require for coyote hunting after choosing your AR-15 rifle. We’ve seen various debates on most social groups and Forums where people are torn between mouth calls and electronic calls. These debates are important in helping you decide the best call depending on your location, situation and time of year.However, electronic calls seem to have the edge over mouth calls. When choosing the best coyote electronic calls, you need to consider things like sound quality, volume, sound availability and much more. Make sure you know the best calls for the time of the year as coyotes operate on the instinct of feeding, mating, and fighting.


The optics on your AR-15 rifle will decide or break your hunt. I recommend this awesome post choosing the best ar 15 scope for your successful hunt: Top 10 Best AR-15 Optics & Scopes: From Red Dots to Magnified Review. The standpoint style of hunting will determine the best optic when hunting for coyotes. A quality piece of glass is an essential factor when choosing the best rifle scope for hunting. When hunting coyotes on properties and farms, the ideal shooting range is usually 0-200 yards. This greatly increases when hunting on an expansive country bush.If you prefer to hunt coyotes at night, then take time and find suitable locations during the day. It is pretty hard finding good locations at night. Scout during the day and get yourself a night vision scope. A night scope will help you do a quick scan. The objective is to see the eyes and not the full body. It even gets easier when hunting with a partner. Split the field area into two and let each partner scan their area without overlapping until you find something.

The optics on your AR-15 rifle will decide or break your hunt. I recommend this awesome post choosing the best ar 15 scope for your successful hunt: Top 10 Best AR-15 Optics & Scopes: From Red Dots to Magnified Review. The standpoint style of hunting will determine the best optic when hunting for coyotes. A quality piece of glass is an essential factor when choosing the best rifle scope for hunting. When hunting coyotes on properties and farms, the ideal shooting range is usually 0-200 yards. This greatly increases when hunting on an expansive country bush.If you prefer to hunt coyotes at night, then take time and find suitable locations during the day. It is pretty hard finding good locations at night. Scout during the day and get yourself a night vision scope. A night scope will help you do a quick scan. The objective is to see the eyes and not the full body. It even gets easier when hunting with a partner. Split the field area into two and let each partner scan their area without overlapping until you find something.

Coyote Decoys

Decoys are pretty essential as coyotes are very cautious when approaching calls. Most will walk away before they get to a shooting distance if they don’t see anything associated with the coyote calls. While these decoys are not needed most of the time, coyote hunting usually happens in some open field which makes it difficult to draw coyotes closer. Adding some realism in the form of a fur will convince coyotes a lot easier.

Spotting Scope



Spotting scopes are exceptional at spotting the game at long distances. They are less portable than binoculars and require a tripod stand for easy use. However, they offer some of the best clarity and magnification which is ideal when spotting a coyote from long distances.I recommend you to read an expert guide from to get the best spotting scope for your hunting.

Shooting Stick

You require a stable rest for the gun since coyotes notice the slightest of movements.  A shooting stick is ideal in keeping your rifle shouldered, up and ready to shoot. Sticks are good especially when hunting on rolling hills where bipods cannot stand stably.

Shooting sticks allow for faster acquisition of the target with minimal movement.

The Suppressor

You will need to suppress the sound from your rifle by getting a quality suppressor. In most cases, you’re going to get at least two coyotes with one lurking behind. A good suppressor will muffle the sound and make it easier to get follow-up shots.

Tip: Pick up a wrap for the outside of your suppressor to make twisting a lot easier when it gets hot.

Hunter Seat and Support

These are not necessarily a must, but if you’re hunting in areas with snow, then you will soon realize the importance of a seat. Your legs will feel dead after 20 minutes of standing in the snow without any coyotes. A quality cushioned seat will ensure you don’t return to your truck so soon.

Final Verdict

Of course, there are several gears you can still add to the list above like the predator camouflage, hunting packs, proper clothing and much more. However, with the basics already covered, you can easily make your coyote hunting a success.

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AR15 Lower Receiver Assembly

AR15 Lower Receiver Assembly

Assembling your AR15 lower receiver is fairly easy to do. All you need are a few simple tools, a stripped AR15 Lower Receiver, a Lower Parts Kit, and a Buttstock Assembly.

The stripped lower is the part that the ATF considers being the “gun”. This is the only part that you cannot have shipped directly to your home. You will need to either go to a gun store and purchase a stripped lower, or buy one online and have it shipped to your FFL so that they can transfer it to you.

DPMS Lower

An AR15 Stripped Lower Receiver

Most any lower from any reputable manufacturer will do. Just be sure that it is forged 7075-T6 aircraft aluminum alloy, hard-coat anodized. I've owned and/or had experience with a variety of stripped lowers, including but not limited to DPMS (pictured above), Stag Arms, RRA, MEGA, LAR, Double Star, etc... all of which have been great and I have seen no problems with them.

Here is a picture that shows the specific parts of a Lower Parts Kit ("LPK" for short). I prefer Stag Arms LPK's.

Lower Parts

Lower Parts Kit

Here is a list of the few tools you will need to complete the assembly of the AR15 lower.

  • Pin Punches

  • check

    Small gunsmithing hammer/mallet

  • CAR Stock Wrench or an AR15 armorers tool (for carbine stock installation)

  • 3/16 Allen wrench and/or Flat Head Screw Driver (depending on the stock and pistol grip screw)

  • check

    Loctite (Non-permanent Loctite is recommended on all screws)

AR15 Lower Receiver Building: A Step-by-Step Guide

Now, if you have all of the appropriate tools and parts, you are ready to begin.

Magazine Catch/Button Release

Insert the magazine catch in the receiver (on the side with the roll mark/serial number) and install the magazine catch spring from the other side.

Then push the magazine button onto the spring and spin it onto the threaded end of the magazine catch, tightening it until it is flush. Now your first step is completed.

Bolt Catch

Then insert the bolt catch spring and plunger (with the plunger facing outwards on top of the spring).

Place the bolt catch roll pin in the slot above the magazine catch from the right side, tap lightly with light hammer/punch to get it started but not all the way in. Install the bolt catch pushing the catch in towards the spring while lining up the hole in the bolt catch with the hole in the side of the receiver.

Bolt Catch Buffer and Spring Install

Tap the roll pin in lightly avoiding damaging the lower by hitting it directly (I use a pin punch for this very reason). When the pin is inserted and flush with the hole you inserted it into your second step is completed.

Bolt catch install

Front Pivot Pin

This is a tricky one that can take a few tries and it frustrates many. This tends to be an easy step for me but I know that several people have issues with it. The problem is that the spring can launch the pivot pin detent pretty far if you fail to do it correctly. So I recommend that you set up a “backstop” (a small mailing box usually does the job well) in the direction the spring would shoot the pivot pin detent so that you can more easily recover it and the spring if you don’t get it right the first time.

On the right side of the receiver in front of the magazine well there is a hole where you insert the spring. To begin, insert the spring and then the detent on top. Using the pivot pin, push the detent back far enough for you to insert the pivot pin into its hole. If you did it correctly, the pivot pin will slide into position and the pivot pin detent will line up onto the pivot pin securing it into position.

Pivot Pin Install

Trigger Guard

Simply insert the pin on the trigger guard in the side nearest the magwell.

Trigger Guard Install

Now, you will align the other side of the trigger guard with the holes on the rear of the lower and insert the pin, tapping lightly to install.

Some people choose to squeeze the pin in place by using a block of some sort (thin block of wood) or even a pair of pliers with tape around the ends to push the pin(s) into place, so they don’t have to hammer anything in. This is in an attempt to avoid potentially damaging the receiver. This is a part of the receiver that is more vulnerable to being damaged by excessive force and/or out of spec pin/hole sizes.

Trigger Assembly

Install the trigger spring on the trigger with the “coils” of the spring on both sides of the trigger and the two legs pointing forward and down (refer to the picture above showing the complete LPK for reference). Install the disconnector spring in the rear of the trigger.

Drop the trigger assembly into the receiver and place the disconnector on top of the disconnector spring with the notch on the disconnector over the spring. You will need to insert the trigger pin in the receiver through the disconnector and to the other side of the receiver locking the disconnector into place above the spring and the trigger assembly. It may take a bit of wiggling and then tapping with a hammer to work it in just right. Just be patient and don’t damage your receiver!

TIP: I highly recommend that you dip the end of the trigger pin in oil such as CLP prior to inserting it, this will help you immensely as you try to work the pin into place. Same goes for the hammer pin as well. If at any time you are inserting a pin and struggling with getting it to go smoothly, try a little bit of oil.

Hammer Assembly

Squeeze the hammer assembly down into the receiver while lining up the holes for the hammer pin. This part can be a little tough to do. After you have installed the hammer assembly, cock the hammer.

Trigger Assy installed

You can pull the trigger to test for function if you'd like at this point, however, be sure to keep the hammer from slamming down with it's full force in this condition (or any time the lower is not assembled with the upper), as it could possibly damage the receiver. I usually place a couple fingers over the front of where the hammer would hit when performing this operation on a lower minus the upper.

Safety Selector/Pistol Grip

This is an easier step. From the left side (the side with the roll mark), install the safety selector. Then install the selector detent and spring (detent goes in first) on the right side of the receiver directly below the selector where you will install the pistol grip. Then put the pistol grip on, being sure that the spring is properly in place with the holes in both the receiver as well as the pistol grip. Don't let the spring get bunched up.

Safety Selector - Grip Install

You will screw the pistol grip screw into place so that it properly holds the pistol grip (and everything else like the spring and selector detent). Make sure to use the lock washer. I also like to use non-permanent loctite on the screw in order to help hold it in place.

Assembled lower minus buttstock-takedownpin, etc..

Rear Takedown Pin

This step is similar to the last one. You will install the rear takedown pin detent in from the backside of the receiver with the spring behind it. Install the takedown pin. Now, the spring will get its tension from the full installation of the butt stock.


Apply some thread locker on the threads of the buffer tube/receiver extension (make sure the castle nut is in place on the extension if you are using a carbine stock). Screw the receiver extension into receiver slowly making sure the takedown spring is still in place but don’t screw it in all the way just yet.

On the receiver in front of the threads, place the buffer retainer spring and buffer retainer into the receiver. Thread the buffer tube until it holds the buffer retainer into place, but don’t screw it so far that it completely restricts the movement of the buffer retainer.

Now you will want to tighten the stock into place. For an A2 stock, you will need to screw it in from the very back of the stock. With a carbine stock, you will probably want to use a stock wrench to tighten the castle nut onto the end plate (or burnsed style sling mount).

Insert the buffer spring and then the assembly into the receiver extension until the buffer retainer holds the spring and assembly into the buffer.

That’s it, you did it!

Carbine Lower A2 Lower

Left to right: A Complete Carbine AR15 Lower, Complete A2 AR15 lower

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AR-15 Maintenance Tips – Keep It Well Lubed!

AR-15 maintenance tips

How long can an AR-15 run without being cleaned?

How long should it take you to clean your AR-15?

I remember my first carbine class I attended. I had a great time on the first day, but when I got home later that day I was exhausted. We had shot something like 700 rounds that day. I was so tired I just couldn't get up the motivation to clean my weapon.

The next day was upon me seemingly pretty fast and I decided to take another AR15 with me as well as the one I used the day before just in case I needed it. I didn't want to use that rifle if I didn't have to though. I gave my primary AR15 a good shot of oil and crossed my fingers thinking that I would be lucky if it ran well all day. Not because I had experienced anything in the past that would suggest it wouldn't work, but because I had always heard that an AR15 will start to choke if it is not cleaned very well every 1000 rounds or so.

Well, I finished off the carbine class with about another 700 rounds and to my surprise, no failures.

Just for the sake of it, I decided to let it go a little longer without cleaning just to see how long it would go, only oiling it to keep it going. I got it close to 2500 rounds before finally getting bored of the "test" and decided to clean it.

Since then, I have pushed many of my other AR15's to similar degrees and read of countless other accounts online where people have pushed just as hard or harder. I have also slacked off on my AR15 cleanings in recent years.

I hadn't stripped down my BCG's on any of my older AR15's in a few years, but just a couple weeks ago I decided to go through all of them and give them a good thorough cleaning.

I had never let them go for this long, and some of them have seen thousands of rounds in this time. Most cleanings took me about 5 minutes and consisted mostly of a wipe down of the BCG, a boresnake run through the barrel, and re-lubing. I like CLP and have never had a problem with it in my AR15's.

The bolts were filthy, as were the firing pins, etc... and some of the carbon was caked on pretty good. I hadn't been experiencing any failures. I simply decided it was "time" to clean them good.

It doesn't take 30 minutes to clean your AR15 and if you do not have time to clean your AR15, shoot some oil in there and it should run great. When I do a complete thorough cleaning, it takes me 10-15 minutes.

I am not advocating that you should not clean your AR15. I believe a clean weapon works better than a dirty one. However, for as much flack as the AR15 gets for not being able to run "dirty", I don't buy it. Particularly the idea that carbon fouling is an issue. They will run dirty, they just need to be properly well lubed.

I find that keeping the weapon properly well lubed particularly throughout it's early usage is critical as well.

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